What are the main causes of infertility? - Medshield Movement

What are the main causes of infertility?

February is Reproductive Health Month in South Africa, raising awareness about many crucially important issues surrounding reproductive health. Here we look at what the main causes of fertility are.

There are a plethora of reasons why you may be struggling to conceive and millions of people around the world face the same challenges. But let’s first break down what the term “infertility” actually means.

Infertility Defined

According to the World Health Organisation, infertility – in the medical sense – is a disease of the male or female reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a pregnancy after 12 months (one year) or more of frequent unprotected sexual intercourse. It is also estimated that one in every six people experience infertility at some point in their lives. There are also two classifications:
1. Primary Infertility – when a pregnancy has never been achieved.
2.Secondary Infertility – when at least one prior pregnancy has been achieved.

The Most Common Causes of Infertility

In men, the most common causes of infertility include issues with the ejection of semen, low levels or the absence of sperm or the abnormal shape and mobility of the sperm. In South Africa, it’s easy to book a male fertility analysis. All you need to do is speak to your GP who will request that a test is conducted at a PathCare or similar institute.
For optimal results and to ensure consistency should a follow-up be required, the sample should be delivered after three to four days of abstinence, but not longer than seven days. Your doctor will then help you interpret your results.

In women, infertility may be caused by a wide range of abnormalities of the ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, the endocrine system, among others. Untreated STIs or complications of an unsafe abortion or pelvic surgery may also have an impact. Disorders such as endometriosis, septate uterus, fibroids and polycystic ovarian syndrome may all impact fertility.

However, it’s important to note that it might not always be scientifically possible to know what might be the cause of infertility. Lifestyle factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol intake and obesity can impact fertility. Additionally, pollution and toxins could have an effect on sperm and egg quality.

If you have been struggling to conceive, speak to your medical doctor about further testing or alternative methods.

 

 

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DISCLAIMER: The information provided on this website is for educational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. This article may contain information related to exercise, fitness, diet, and nutrition, which is intended solely for your personal use and informational purposes. Before commencing any exercise, fitness, diet, or nutrition regimen, especially if you are pregnant or have pre-existing health conditions, you should consult with a physician. Nothing on this site should be construed as medical advice or diagnosis. For any symptoms or health concerns, please consult a healthcare professional.
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DISCLAIMER: The information provided on this website is for educational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. This content may contain information related to exercise, fitness, diet, and nutrition, which is intended solely for your personal use and informational purposes. Before commencing any exercise, fitness, diet, or nutrition regimen, especially if you are pregnant or have pre-existing health conditions, you should consult with a physician. Nothing on this site should be construed as medical advice or diagnosis. For any symptoms or health concerns, please consult a healthcare professional